Michael L. Matson1, Lon J. Wilson1
1Department of Chemistry, Rice University, Houston, TX, USA
Ultra-short, single-walled carbon nanotube capsules (US-tubes) internalized with aqueous gadolinium-ion clusters (Gadonanotubes) are a dual modal MRI contrast agent capable of decreasing both T1 and T2*. The magnetic properties of both the empty, US-tube nanocapsules and the Gadonanotubes were measured via SQUID magnetometry. The results suggest the empty US-tube nanocapsules have a superparamagnetic domain, while the internalized aqueous Gd3+-ion clusters of the Gadonanotubes posses a separate paramagnetic domain. These two domains together allow for significant shortening of both T1 and T2*.