Min-Hui Cui1,2, Jong Hee Hwang1,2, Vlad Tomuta2, CJ Segal-Isaacson2, Daniel T. Stein2
1Gruss Magnetic Resonance Research Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA; 2Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
High-quality in vivo proton NMR spectra from human calf adipose tissue and bone marrow can be obtained by using 1H-MRSI at 4T. This technique can effectively detect differences in fatty acid (FA) composition among subjects undergoing diet or exercise. Athletic subjects have a higher fraction of monounsaturated and lowest saturated content of FA compared to sedentary subjects. On the other hand, the diet and weight loss affect FA composition. The fraction of diunsaturated FA improved and that of saturated FA decreased after a low fat diet, as well as after moderate weight loss.