Bobby Kalb1, Puneet Sharma1, Gaye Ray1, Daniel Karolyi1, Hiroumi Kitajima1, Khalil Salman1, Diego R. Martin1
Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) has a potential role for PE diagnosis, shown in multiple studies. Alternative MRA-like methods that further improve diagnostic accuracy and simplify the acquisition techniques remain an area of clinically important development. MRA-like alternatives that produce enhancing signal from the vessel wall provide high contrast without need for bolus timing, and/or provide motion-insensitivity to respiration, with sequences including low flip angle (FA) 3D gradient echo (3D GRE), or steady state free precession (SSFP) sequences. Our study demonstrates the utility of low FA 3D GRE and SSFP sequences in conjunction with MRA for the diagnosis of PE.