Frank Helderman1, Gert Jan Mauritz1, J. Tim Marcus1, Kirsten Andringa1, Nico Westerhof1, Anton Vonk Noordegraaf1
The objective was to assess if mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) could be estimated using a standard 2D MR phase-contrast velocity quantification in the main pulmonary artery. Included were 37 Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) patients vs 8 controls. Onset time of the retrograde flow (Retrograde Onset Time = ROT) as fraction of cardiac cycle time, and cross sectional area (CSA) of the main pulmonary artery were measured. Regression analysis revealed an association between mPAP and ROT (r=0.74; p<0.001), and between mPAP and CSA (r=0.68; p<0.001). The early retrograde flow in PAH is explained with a recirculation zone.