Eva Rothgang1,2, Wesley D. Gilson2, Steffi Valdeig3, Li Pan2, Jrg Roland4, Aaron Flammang2, Christine H. Lorenz2, Frank Wacker3, Bernd Frericks5
1Pattern Recognition Lab, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany; 2Center for Applied Medical Imaging, Siemens Corporate Research, Baltimore, MD, United States; 3Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology & Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States; 4Siemens Healthcare, Erlangen, Germany; 5Department of Radiology & Nuclear Medicine, Universittsmedizin BerlinCharit Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Germany
For enhanced intra-operative control during cryoablation, we propose to online monitor the procedure using the proton resonance frequency method (PRF). By monitoring temperatures in close proximity to the region being ablated, procedure safety and efficacy can be increased. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the value of online PRF temperature monitoring to 1) estimate the pattern of ice ball growth between multiple cryoprobes; and 2) prevent injury to adjacent structures. In this study, PRF imaging during in vivo cryoablation of porcine kidney was compared to post-ablation imaging and histopathology.