Patrick Antkowiak1, Brian Stevens2, Marcia McDuffie2, Frederick H. Epstein3
1Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, United States; 2Microbiology, University of Virginia; 3Radiology, University of Virginia
Pancreatic β cells secrete insulin and maintain blood glucose homeostasis; in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D), β cell function and mass decline, with potentially severe complications. Noninvasive imaging to detect this decline would be important for both pre-clinical and clinical studies. We used Look-Locker MRI to measure the pancreatic relaxation rate R1 after injection of MnCl2, which labels functional β cells, and applied this to a mouse model of T1D characterized by a graded loss of functional β cell mass. We measured a decline in pancreatic R1 concurrent with the incidence of T1D and decline in functional β cell mass.