Timothy J. Amrhein1, Talaignair N. Venkatraman1, Haichen Wang2, Ines Batinic-Haberle3, Christopher D. Lascola1
1Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, United States; 2Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, United States; 3Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, United States
The paramagnetic superoxide dismutase mimetric MnTnHex-2-PyP5+ exhibits sufficient lipophilicity to allow for its accumulation within the brain despite an intact blood brain barrier. MR phantom experiments demonstrated their considerable T1 relaxation properties. Subsequently, a spreading depression rat model of microglial activity with an intact blood brain barrier demonstrated increased T1 relaxation within the experimental hemisphere after the administration of MnTnHex-2-PyP5+. This finding was successfully blocked via competitive inhibition with PK11195, a potent ligand of peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptors specific to activated microglia, suggesting a mechanism for localization and potential specificity for early brain injury states.