Yohan van de Looij1, 2, Gregory A. Lodygensky1, Justin M. Dean3, Henrik Hagberg3, Carina Mallard3, Petra S. Hppi1, Rolf Gruetter2, 4, Stphane Sizonenko1
1Division of Child Growth & Development, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland; 2Laboratory for Functional and Metabolic Imaging, Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland; 3Perinatal Center, University of Gothenburg, Gteborg, Sweden; 4Department of Radiology, University of Geneva and Lausanne, Geneva and Lausanne, Switzerland
Encephalopathy of prematurity is a major cause of developmental disabilities in up to 75% infants after preterm birth. The aim of this study was to characterize the changes in the developing sheep WM following fetal LPS exposure by MRI: T1W, T2W images and DTI as well as histopathology correlation. The combination of lesions observed in LPS treated fetal sheep mimics very well the pattern of injuries seen in premature infants. We show the excellent ability of DTI to classify different types of brain lesions following LPS exposure with specific changes of DTI derived between different lesions.