Nathalie Doorenweerd1, 2, Chiara S.M. Straathof3, Erik Niks3, Andrew Webb1, Mark A. van Buchem1, Jan J.G.M. Verschuuren3, Hermien E. Kan1
1Radiology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands; 2Neurology, Leiden Univeristy Medical Centre, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands; 3Neurology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
Brain and skull morphology were studied in DMD boys and healthy age matched controls using T1w images, and tape-measured head circumference. MRI results showed a significant increase in eccentricity and temporalis muscle hypertrophy in DMD compared with controls, whereas tape-measured head circumference did not differ between groups. In addition, a trend was found in decreased skull circumference in DMD. Further investigation of these findings is needed to determine their effect on skull circumference measurements at young age, their use in explaining dental or feeding problems or how they could even aid clinical screening for the diagnosis of DMD.