Harald Busse1, Gregor Thrmer1, Josephin Otto1, Nikita Garnov1, Tim Riedel1, Arno Schmitgen2, Axel Winkel3, Thomas Kahn1, Michael Moche1
1Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Department, Leipzig University Hospital, Leipzig, Saxony, Germany; 2Localite Biomedical Visualization Systems, Sankt Augustin, Germany; 3Invivo Germany, Schwerin, Germany
Prostate carcinoma (PCa) is one of the most common male cancers in the western world. While digital rectal examination, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing and transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsies are still the primary tools for prostate diagnostics, multiparametric MRI has an emerging role in both imaging diagnostics and procedural guidance. The purpose of this work is to present a virtual real-time navigation option for transrectal MRI-guided prostate biopsies, to estimate the targeting accuracy, and to report on the preliminary clinical experience.