Kang Wang1, Zachary M. Smith1, Chi Wah Wong1, David J. Dubowitz1
1University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States
High altitude hypoxia increases CMRO2, CBF, and OEF. We investigated how this might impact BOLD functional connectivity. 5 subjects were studied during normoxia, and following 2-days sustained hypoxia with and without acetazolamide prophylaxis (a treatment for high altitude hypoxia symptoms). Hypoxia increased overall correlations with posterior cingulated cortex, and the global signal amplitude. Acetazolamide mitigated these global effects, while increasing correlations in the default mode network. CO2 has been implicated as a modulator of BOLD functional connectivity, but during hypoxia this does not seem to be the sole contributor. Alterations in CBF, CMRO2 and neuronal activity must also be considered.