Marco Piccirelli1, Christiaan Hendrik Bas van Niftrik2, Oliver Bozinov2, Athina Pangalu1, Antonio Valavanis1, Luca Regli2, and Jorn Fierstra2
1Department of Neuroradiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland, 2Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
For the first time during neurosurgery, we determinate intraoperative CVR with Blood Oxygen-Level Dependent (BOLD) fMRI measurements with three cycles of apnea (mimicking BH) in mechanically ventilated neurosurgical patients.
BOLD fMRI datasets of five neurovascular patients with unilateral hemispheric hemodynamic impairment were processed with various BH CVR analysis methods. Temporal lag (Phase), percent BOLD signal change (CVR) and explained variance (Coherence) maps were calculated using three different Sine models and two novel “Optimal Signal” model-free methods.
Our analysis methods make the intraoperative determination of CVR possible, and increase sensitivity and reproducibility of BH derived BOLD fMRI CVR.