Anorexia nervosa (AN) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) share distorted perception of appearance, anxiety, and depression, yet their common and distinguishing neural phenotypes of emotion processing remain unknown. To address this, we studied fronto-limbic connectivity using functional MRI data obtained while participants (N=94) viewed fearful faces and rated their own subjectively experienced fearfulness. Healthy controls exhibited, as predicted, significant bidirectional medial prefrontal (mPFC)-amygdala connectivity, which increased across blocks. However, BDD participants exhibited significant mPFC-to-amygdala but not amygdala-to-mPFC connectivity (indicating limbic hypo-responsiveness), while AN exhibited no significant prefrontal-amygdala connectivity. This study suggests distinct, aberrant fronto-limbic modulatory connectivity in AN and BDD.