In this study, the spatial relationship between the somatotopy and the pattern of myelination (as measured by quantitative T1-maps) in the cerebellum was investigated. Subject-specific surfaces were generated on which were mapped T1 values and somatotopic maps. Consistent somatotopic gradients organized through several lobules were present in the anterior and posterior lobes. Despite being more complex, changes of T1 values across the cerebellar surface were also observed and showed a similar orientation as the somatotopic organization. This study showed the potential structure-function relationship of the cerebellum observed at macroscale level.