This study aimed to validate chemical shift encoded magnetic resonance imaging (CSE-MRI) to assess hepatic steatosis. Twenty-two geese with a wide range of hepatic steatosis were collected, and proton density fat fraction by MRI (MRI-PDFF), biochemical triglyceride content, and histology were performed within the left lobe, upper and lower half of the right lobe of the geese livers. MRI correlated highly with chemical extraction (r = 0.949 (p ＜ 0.001)). Chemically extracted triglyceride was accurately predicted by MRI-PDFF (Y = -1.8 + 0.773﹡X). In conclusion, CSE-MRI measurement of goose liver fat was accurate and reliable compared with biochemical measurement.