This study investigated developmental patterns of white matter structures in common marmosets using DTI and MTR. Longitudinal MRI was performed to 23 marmosets at the age of 1-34 months. Tract-based ROIs were created for assessment of major fiber bundles. Population growth trajectories of association fibers estimated using Gompertz function showed different developmental patterns. As previously reported, inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF) showed earlier maturation with slow speed, whereas inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus (IFOF) showed slower maturation with fast speed observed in MTR, RD and FA. It indicates ILF might mature compared with IFOF at birth, which was consistent with human studies.