Few longitudinal cohort studies exist characterizing regional brain volumes from birth to adolescence. This study derives brain volumes in approximately 100 regions at term-equivalent, 7 and 13 years of age for 102 very preterm and 20 full-term children. The trajectory of brain development in many regions differed between very preterm and full-term children over the first 7 years of life. From 7 to 13 years brain growth slowed, ceased or regressed in both groups in a region-specific manner, apart from subcortical regions that continued to increase in volume. This study provides novel insights in typical and atypical regional brain volumetry.