Short association fibres connect proximal cortical areas over short distances. These fibres are highly underrepresented in the current MRI-derived human brain connectome. We combined sub-millimetre resolution diffusion MRI, acquired with a 300 mT/m gradient system and high sensitivity coil for imaging the occipital cortex, with fMRI-driven retinotopic maps of V1/V2. These maps were used to identify the short V1-V2 connections in the human visual processing stream. V1-V2 connectivity was in agreement with previously reported anatomical and functional connectivities. Our results provide an important step towards the construction of a more complete MRI-derived human brain connectome via robust short fibre mapping.