Jeff Lei Zhang1, Eric E. Sigmund1, Henry Rusinek1, Hersh Chandarana1, Qun Chen1, Pippa Storey1, Louisa Bokacheva1, Vivian S. Lee1
1Radiology, New York University, New York, NY, USA
In diffusion weighted imaging of kidney, intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) has been shown to contribute substantially to overall signal decay. We hypothesize that IVIM in kidney reflects both renal perfusion and tubular fluid flow. A bi-exponential model was used to analyze volunteer data. Minimal difference was found for pure diffusion coefficient (ADCD) between cortex and medulla, suggesting that the commonly observed ADC contrast between cortex and medulla is in fact due to IVIM effect. Perfusion faction FP was estimated as 31%~38%, much higher than 5%~15% observed in perfusion imaging, indicating that the IVIM effect likely contains a significant tubular contribution.