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Abstract #0183

Hemodynamic Responses Following Brief Breath-Holding and Visual Stimulation Reconcile the Vascular Compliance and Sustained Oxygen Metabolism Origins for the BOLD Post-Stimulus Undershoot in Human Brain

Jun Hua1, Robert Stevens1, Alan J. Huang1, James J. Pekar1, Peter C.M. van Zijl1

1Department of Radiology, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States

BOLD studies of visual stimulation show a post-stimulus undershoot, whereas breath-hold studies dont. BOLD/CBF/CBV/arterial-CBV dynamics following visual stimulation and breath-hold were measured to investigate which mechanism (vascular/metabolic) dominates the undershoot. After visual stimulation, arterial-CBV/CBF returned to baseline in ~8s/15s, respectively, while BOLD undershoot lasted for ~30s, during which elevated post-arterial-CBV (2.4+/-1.8%) and CMRO2 (10.6+/-7.4%) were observed. Following breath-hold, BOLD/CBF/CBV/arterial-CBV all recovered within ~20s and no BOLD undershoot, elevated post-arterial-CBV and CMRO2 were observed. These data suggest that both delayed post-arterial-CBV return and enduring oxygen consumption affect the undershoot, with contributions estimated as 20+/-16% and 79+/-19%, respectively, under our experimental conditions.