Laura-Adela Harsan1, Yi Sun1, Nicoleta Baxan1, Jrgen Hennig1, Dominik von Elverfeldt1
1Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Medical
Long-term cuprizone treatment in female and male mice, underlined the course of the disease from acute demyelinating to the chronic state. In-vivo DT-MRI, performed using 45 gradient diffusion directions sensitively assessed the myelin and axonal damage in relationship with the modifications of radial and axial diffusivity. When compared with females, the progressing pathology in the male brains had a stronger impact on the values of DT-MRI derived indices (D_radial , D_axial), suggesting a faster and more severe course of the disease. The existence of a sexual dimorphism in demyelination implies a gender-specific response to different strategies developed to induce recovery.