Mauro Botta1, Filip Kielar1, Lorenzo Tei1, Enzo Terreno2
1Environmental and Life Sciences,
A novel GdDOTA derivative was prepared featuring two adjacent glutamic acid moieties. Reaction with dodecyl amine yields an amphiphilic complex that maintains the favorable properties of the parent complex in terms of stability, relaxivity and water exchange rate. The self-assembling process in aqueous solution results in micelles and liposomes of enhanced relaxivity (+ 140 % at 0.47 T; + 100 % at 1.5 T) over that of corresponding single-chain systems that is explained in terms of a strong limitation of the local rotation about the hydrophobic chains.