Marieke Heisen1, Bo Peng2, Abbie Marie Wood3, Devkumar Mustafi2,3, Johannes Buurman4, Gillian M. Newstead3, Gregory S. Karczmar3
1Biomedical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands; 2Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States; 3Radiology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States; 4Healthcare Informatics, Philips Healthcare, Best, Netherlands
A unique calibration phantom was designed for routine use in breast MRI. It was used to correct the variable flip angles in a precontrast T1-measurement, and to inspect T1 sensitivity in the clinically employed T1-weighted dynamic contrast-enhanced protocol. The flip angle correction altered the T1 estimates in breast tissue significantly. The clinical protocol demonstrated an increase in signal intensity for decreasing T1 (as expected) until a certain level, after which signal attenuation occurred. The quality of the breast images acquired with the phantom in place was found to be normal by an experienced mammographer.