Devasuda Anblagan1, Ruta Deshpande2, Nia W. Jones2, Alain Pitiot3, Carolyn Costigan1, Kirsty Allcock4, Nick Raine Fenning5, Lopa Leach6, George Bugg2, Peter
1Sir Peter Mansfield Magnetic Resonance Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom; 2Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, United Kingdom; 3School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom; 4Medical Schools and Nursing Centres, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom; 5School of Clinical Sciences, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom; 6School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom
Pregnancy complicated by diabetes often results in macrosomic infants (birth weight > 4000g). They are at increased risk of shoulder dystocia, brachial plexus injury, prolonged labor and caesarean section. The fetuses are at higher risk of becoming obese and developing Type 2 diabetes. We show significant increase in fetal fat volume, percentage fetal fat and fetal length but not total fetal volume at 3337 weeks in diabetics compared to controls. In utero assessment of fetal size and fat distribution would allow clinicians to identify fetuses at risk of complicated delivery and study the metabolic changes in the infant.