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Abstract #0294

Laminar Specificity of fMRI Onset Times Distinguishes Top Down from Bottom Up Neural Inputs Mediating Cortical Plasiticty

Xin Yu1, Chunqi Qian1, Der-Yow Chen1, Stephen Dodd2, Alan P. Koretsky1

1NIH, Bethesda, MD, United States; 2National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States

How to extract specific neural information from fMRI signal remains challenging. Here, we demonstrate that fMRI onset laminar positions coincide with input neural projections in the cortex. Ascending thalamocortical input leads to fMRI onset at layer 4 and activation in motor cortex through somatomotor corticocortical connections shifts fMRI onset to layer 2/3 and 5. Following unilateral infraorbital denervation, ipsilateral fMRI activation in the deafferented barrel cortex to spared whisker input has an onset at layer 2/3 and 5, consistent with corticocortical callosal projections. This indicates that fMRI onset times may enable distinguishing thalamocortical (bottom-up) from corticocortical (top-down) inputs into cortex.