Adrian Lam1, Luis F. Mora-Vieira2, Michael Lloyd2, John N. Oshinski, 12
1Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, United States; 2Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States
The LV lead implantation location for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy is determined by imaging the coronary venous anatomy with catheter-based retrograde venography during the implantation procedure, preventing pre-procedural planning. Current studies have shown that a modified whole heart MRA which combines a centric-ordering k-space scheme and a slow infusion of gadolinium is capable of imaging the coronary venous anatomy. In this work, we show that this MR sequence is capable of visualizing over 90% of the coronary venous anatomy when compared to the veins visible by retrograde venography.