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Abstract #3714

Quantifying and Correcting for the Assumptions of the Static Dephasing Regime in Quantitative BOLD

Matthew T Cherukara1,2, Michael A Chappell1,2, and Nicholas P Blockley2,3

1Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, 2Wellcome Centre for Integrative Neuroimaging, Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, 3School of Life Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

The effect of diffusion is believed to cause underestimation of oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) in streamlined quantitative BOLD (qBOLD). We propose physically motivated modifications to the qBOLD model in order to account for this effect, and demonstrate, using Monte Carlo simulations, and analysis of healthy in vivo data, that simple scalar corrections to the inferred reversible relaxation rate $$$R_2'$$$, can substantially reduce the error in OEF and deoxygenated blood volume (DBV) estimation. These corrections have the potential to be improved further by taking other physiological and acquisition-related parameters into account.

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