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Abstract #4477

Unraveling the effect of spatial resolution and scan acceleration on 3D image-based navigators for respiratory motion tracking

Srivathsan P. Koundinyan1, Mario O. Malavé1, and Dwight G. Nishimura1

1Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States

Beat-to-beat 3D image-based navigators (3D iNAVs) enable nonrigid respiratory motion tracking of the heart. In this work, we study the accuracy of motion information extracted from 3D iNAVs with different choices of two parameters: spatial resolution and scan acceleration factor. We demonstrate that high spatial resolution coupled with aggressive scan acceleration results in residual blurring and aliasing following iterative reconstruction, which corrupts the derived motion estimates. Through simulations, we identify the optimal combination of spatial resolution and scan acceleration for acquiring 3D iNAVs. In vivo studies presenting sharp motion correction outcomes demonstrate a capability for monitoring motion with high fidelity.

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