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Abstract #0501

Influence of phosphate concentration on amine and amide chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) contrast

Jingwen Yao1,2,3, Chencai Wang1,2, and Benjamin M. Ellingson1,2,3
1Brain Tumor Imaging Laboratory (BTIL), Center of Computer Vision and Imaging Biomarker, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, United States, 2Department of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, United States, 3Department of Bioengineering, Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, United States

Effects of the catalytic in vivo chemical environment have often been neglected or underestimated in CEST-MRI studies. Phosphate is the predominant exchange catalyst in intracellular fluid and is essential for biosynthesis and bioenergetics. In this study, we evaluated the influence of phosphate on amine and amide CEST contrast using Bloch-McConnell simulations applied to physical phantom data. We demonstrate that amine proton exchange is greatly catalyzed by phosphate, under a physiological concentration range. We propose that catalytic agents should be considered as confounding factors in future CEST-MRI researches. This new dimension may also benefit the development of novel phosphate-sensitive imaging method.

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