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Abstract #0731

Improved Estimation of Myelin Water Fractions with Learned Parameter Distributions

Yudu Li1,2, Jiahui Xiong1,2, Rong Guo1,2, Yibo Zhao1,2, Yao Li3,4, and Zhi-Pei Liang1,2
1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States, 2Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States, 3School of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China, 4Med-X Research Institute, Shanghai, China

Myelin water fraction (MWF) mapping can substantially improve our understanding of several demyelinating diseases. While MWF maps can be obtained from multi-exponential fitting of multi-echo imaging data, current solutions are often very sensitive to noise and modeling errors. This work addresses this problem using a new model-based method. This method has two key novel features: a) an improved signal model capable of compensating practical signal errors, and b) incorporation of parameter distributions and low-rank signal structures. Both simulation and experimental results show that the proposed method significantly outperforms the conventional methods currently used for MWF estimation.

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