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Abstract #3421

Effect of the training set on supervised-learning parameter estimation: Application to the Standard Model of diffusion in white matter

Ying Liao1, Santiago Coelho1, Jelle Veraart1, Els Fieremans1, and Dmitry S. Novikov1
1Radiology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY, United States

Maximum likelihood estimation is challenging in multicompartmental models due to the degeneracy of the optimization landscape. As a result, machine learning (ML) methods are often applied for parameter estimation, interpolating the mapping of measurements to model parameters. Such mapping can essentially depend on the training set (prior), decreasing the sensitivity to the measurements, and yielding artificially “clean” maps. Here we quantify the effect of the training set on the Standard Model of diffusion in white matter as function of signal-to-noise ratio, in simulations and in vivo.

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