Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) is a noninvasive technique capable of quantifying tissue mechanical properties in vivo. The most established clinical application of MRE in the abdomen is in chronic liver disease, this technique represents the most accurate noninvasive technique for the detection and staging of liver fibrosis. Increasing experience and ongoing research is also leading to exploration of applications in other abdominal organs, including pancreas, spleen, kidneys, uterus and prostate. The current research progress of MRE technologies and its potential applications of this technology in these abdominal organs are surveyed. Abdominal MRE may be seamlessly incorporated into a standard multi-parametric MRI examination to provide a rapid, reliable and comprehensive imaging evaluation for solving complex problems at a single patient appointment in the future.