Andreas Deistung1, Enrico Dittrich1,2, Jan Sedlacik3, Alexander Rauscher4, Jrgen R. Reichenbach1
1Medical Physics Group, Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Clinics, Friedrich-Schiller-University, Jena, Germany; 2Department of Medical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Applied Sciences, Jena, Germany; 3Radiological Sciences, Translational Imaging, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, USA; 4MRI Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
We present an MR-sequence for non-invasive simultaneous arterial and venous imaging based on a 3D dual-echo gradient echo sequence (ToF-SWI) that combines time-of-flight (ToF) angiography and susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI). The influence of flip angle (FA), parallel imaging acceleration factor, and the issue whether full flow compensation of the second echo is required was investigated. We found good vessel representation for a ramped flip angle (20) and an acceleration factor up to R=3. Full (3D) flow compensation of the second echo was required to minimize signal voids and mis-registration of arteries due to oblique blood flow.