Gene Young Cho1, Eric E. Sigmund1, Sungheon Kim1, Jens H. Jensen1, Daniel K. Sodickson1
1Center for Biomedical Imaging,
Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can be sensitized to both tissue structure and microvascular flow in tumors. Capillary networks can present intravoxel-incoherent motion (IVIM), creating a pseudodiffusion coefficient that tracks microvascular flow. A versatile flow phantom was constructed for IVIM validation in a full body 3T scanner. This system allows technique optimization for ongoing IVIM-based studies of in vivo tumor pathologies. Biexponential analysis of DWI showed an increase in pseudodiffusivity with increasing flow and a decrease with increased impedance, simulating relevant microvascular processes. Spatial mapping of the IVIM coefficients showed strong contrast between pseudodiffusion and background diffusion. Future applications are discussed.