Anthony Mancuso1,2, Kathryn E. Wellen1, Chao Lu1, Weixia Liu, Stephen Pickup, Craig B. Thompson1,3
1Cancer Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA; 2Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA Minor Outlying Islands; 3Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
We have been studying lipogenesis because of its importance in mammalian cell growth and proliferation. Glucose is normally the primary precursor for this process; however, we have observed that human glioblastoma cells derive much lipogenic carbon from glutamine. In this work, we report that immortalized hematopoietic cells produce lipid from glutamine via both the glutaminolytic and reverse isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) pathways in the presence of glucose. In the absence of glucose, the more energy efficient glutaminolytic pathway was predominant. These results are fundamentally different from those observed for glioblastoma cells, which predominantly use the more energy inefficient reverse IDH pathway, perhaps compromising efficiency for the sake of rapid biosynthesis.