In recent years there is a growing interest in the potential application of Brain-Computer interfaces (BCI) for psychiatric and neurological disorders. After stroke, if the primary motor cortex (M1) is affected, it is common to find a “deactivation” of the contralateral cerebellum.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of achieving volitional control of M1-cerebellum functional connectivity, in healthy subjects with an fMRI-BCI system.
The results indicate that volitional self-regulation of cerebellum-M1 connectivity is feasible with fMRI-BCI. The data also suggests that cerebellum is more easily recruited than M1.