13C MRS of hyperpolarized (HP) [1-13C] pyruvate has recently shown promise in assessing neuroinflammation in mouse models of MS and TBI. Here, we expanded on previous reports and evaluated whether HP 13C MRS could detect the effect of the inflammation-inducing toxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS), using mice injected intracranially with either LPS or saline. LPS-injected mice showed significantly elevated HP [1-13C] lactate:pyruvate ratios in the LPS-injected hemisphere compared to contralateral, in line with increased microglial number. In contrast, saline-injected mice showed no such changes. Our results further confirm the potential of hyperpolarized 13C MRS for non-invasive assessment of neuroinflammation in the brain.