Imaging the brain neuronal network with diffusion MRI: a way to understand its global architecture
Hagmann P, Kurant M, Gigandet X, Thiran P, Wedeen V, Meuli R, Thiran J
University Hospital, Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale
In order to better understand the high complexity of the brain, the detailed study of its individual components clearly seems insufficient. The backbone of complexity in the nervous system is composed of the large scale architectural characteristics of the neuronal network. Newly, by the advent of MR tractography, its investigation is accessible. We report on two important network characteristics that were already guessed from functional investigations and animal ex vivo studies, but never directly addressed in the human subject, ie the small world and hierarchical architecture of the human long-range brain axonal network.