Junzhong Xu1, Jingping Xie1, Ke Li1, Jerome Jourquin2, Mark D. Does1, Daniel F. Gochberg1, Vito Quaranta2, John C. Gore1
1Institute of Imaging Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, United States; 2Cancer Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, United States
Tumor cell nuclear size usually can be found only by invasive biopsy. In the present work, a novel approach, which employs an oscillating gradient spin echo (OGSE) method, has been developed to measure nuclear size with ultra-short diffusion times (low as ~0.13ms). Both simulations and experiments were performed and the results obtained from OGSE diffusion measurements are consistent with light microscopy, proving the feasibility of our method. This new approach provides structural parameters which may be helpful for the assessment of tumor malignancy, tracking intracellular changes in tissues, and potentially monitoring tumor response to treatment in vivo.