Takashi Yoshiura1, Akio Hiwatashi1, Satoshi Suzuki2, Tsuyoshi Okamoto3, Osamu Togao1, Koji Yamashita1, Kazufumi Kikuchi1, Hiroshi Honda1
1Department of Clinical Radiology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan; 2Department of Neuropathology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan; 3Department of Advanced Medical Initiatives, Kyusuh University, Fukuoka, Japan
Intracortical myelinated fiber (ICMF) is an essential component to characterize microarchitecture of the cerebral cortex. Our purpose was to test the feasibility of in-vivo detection of ICMF in the human hippocampal formation by high-resolution diffusion tensor (DT) imaging. DT images of the hippocampal formation were obtained with an in-plane resolution of 0.85 mm. Fractional anisotropy (FA) in 3 different cortical subregions were compared. FA in subiculum was significantly higher than those in the other regions, which was in accordance with histological findings in myelin-stained specimens. Results suggested that in-vivo detection of ICMF using high resolution DT imaging is feasible.