Benito de Celis Alonso1, Silvia Hidalgo Tobn2, Pilar Dies Suarez2, Samuel Flores Huerta2, Jenny Vilichis2, Manuel Obregon Espejel2, Porfirio Ibaez Fernndez2, Eduardo Castro Sierra2
1Faculty of Medicine, BUAP, Puebla, Mexico; 2Hospital Infantil de Mxico, Mexico City, Mxico FD, Mexico
Obesity is a precursor of health problems (i.e. in cardiology, neurology, endocrinology, etc.). In Mexico this condition affects more than 70% of the population with a special prevalence in the infant bracket. It is known that odor/smell is one of the principal cues for the appearance and control of appetite. To fight obesity it is crucial to understand the brain mechanisms of this stimulus. Previous fMRI work has shown that adult obese and lean subjects interpret these types of stimuli differently. Nevertheless and surprisingly, no studies have been performed in infants and adolescents who have different metabolism and brain development from adults. Furthermore, there is no information on the changes in connectivity between brain regions for this age group. In this work we studied the different brain fMRI activations and connections between normal weighted and obese adolescents for different types of food odors.