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Abstract #3008

The difference of neural correlates of text comprehension between with and without picture: fMRI study

Jang Woo Park 1 , Sungmook Choi 2 , Yang-Tae Kim 3 , Jeehye Seo 1 , Seong-Uk Jin 1 , Mun Han 1 , Kyung Eun Jang 1 , Kyung Jin Suh* 4 , and Yongmin Chang* 5

1 Department of Medical & Biological Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Daegu, Korea, 2 Department of English Education, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea, 3 Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea, 4 Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyungju, Korea, 5 Department of Molecular Medicine and Radiology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea

In recent decades, several behavioral research studies have demonstrated that use of text-congruous illustrations help to reading comprehension, whereas use of text-incongruous illustrations leads to unfavorable outcomes. However, the neural underpinning of such text-illustration effects is still poorly understood. This study performed fMRI for comparison of the brain activity while 30 Korean female university students read 45 short passages in English with text only and with text-congruous and text-incongruous illustrations. The result of this study show that text-congruous illustrations increase brain areas of attention, motivation, and reward, but text-incongruous illustrations reduce reader's attention and motivation to read text.

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