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Abstract #3423

Resting-state analysis reveals frontoparietal network connectivity changes in children after short-term abacus training

Andrew Yue-Yun Leung 1 , John Y.S. Cheng 1,2 , Wing P. Chan 3,4 , Ho-Ling Liu 5 , and Chun-Yen Chang 1

1 Graduate Institute of Science Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan, 2 Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan, 3 College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan, 4 Department of Radiology, Wan-Fang Hospital, Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan, 5 Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Science, Chang Gung University, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan

This study aimed to research the validity and scale of behavioral and functional change in children after six months of abacus-based mental calculation (AMC) training. Sixty-six subjects underwent resting-state (RS) fMRI scans and standardized exams. This study found six months of AMC training can potentially increase working memory ability, alleviate anxiety to arithmetic processing, and increase fronto-parietal connectivity correlation to visuo-motor and visuo-spatial performance. Further studies are required to evaluate the extent of these effects in prolonged training arrangements and possible ability transfer to arithmetic performance.

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