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Abstract #1284

Differences in Brain Activation Associated with Infant Diet: An fMRI Study

Xiawei Ou 1,2 , R.T. Pivik 1,3 , Aline Andres 1,3 , Mario Cleves 1,3 , and Thomas Badger 1,3

1 Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center, Little Rock, AR, United States, 2 Radiology and Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, United States, 3 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, AR, United States

The aim of this study was to evaluate brain function in healthy 8-year-old children who were fed predominantly breast milk or cows milk formula during the first year of life. Our hypothesis was that infant diet has significant effects on brain functioning in school aged children. To test this hypothesis, we performed a visual perception/language fMRI to compare brain activation in these two diet groups. Our results showed that breastfed and milk formula-fed children utilize their brain differently when processing the visual perception and language tasks.

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