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Abstract #0241

The neuroinflammatory component of gray matter pathology in multiple sclerosis by in vivo combined 11C-PBR28 MR-PET and 7T imaging

Elena Herranz1,2, Costanza Giannì1,2, Céline Louapre1,2, Constantina Andrada Treaba1,2, Sindhuja T Govindarajan1, Gabriel Mangeat1,3, Russell Ouellette1, Marco L Loggia1,2, Noreen Ward1, Eric C Klawiter1,2,4, Ciprian Catana1,2, Jacob A Sloane2,5, Jacob M Hooker1,2, Revere P. Kinkel6, and Caterina Mainero1,2

1Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States, 2Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States, 3Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Polytechnique Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada, 4Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States, 5Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, United States, 6University of California, San Diego, CA, United States

In multiple sclerosis (MS) histopathological investigations implicated neuroinflammation through microglia and/or macrophages activation in the pathogenesis of cortical and subcortical diffuse damage. By combining 11C-PBR28 positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with anatomical 7T and 3T MRI, we investigated the presence and correlates of neuroinflammation in cortex and gray matter of subjects with MS. We found that neuroinflammation was present in thalamus, hippocampus, basal ganglia as well as cortex, particularly cortical lesions, and associated with structural damage, increased neurological disability and impaired information processing speed. Our data indicate that neuroinflammation is closely associated with neurodegeneration.

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