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Abstract #0026

Intracranial vessel wall imaging in suspected cerebral vasculitis: evaluation of diagnostic value and treatment effects using 3T and 7T MRI

Nikki Dieleman1, Anja G. van der Kolk1, Catharina J.M. Frijns2, Anita A. Harteveld1, Jaco J.M. Zwanenburg1, Hugo J. Kuijf3, Arjen Lindenholz1, L. Jaap Kappelle2, Peter R. Luijten1, and Jeroen Hendrikse1

1Radiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands, 2Neurology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands, 3Images Science Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands

Cerebral vasculitis is a rare, but devastating disease that can lead to severe disability or death. Diagnosis is rather challenging, but for treatment purposes, an accurate diagnosis is crucial since different, more aggressive therapy is needed compared with non-inflammatory diseases. In the current study, we investigated the diagnostic value of intracranial vessel wall MRI at 3T and 7T in patients who were suspected of cerebral vasculitis. Our results show that intracranial vessel wall imaging at 3T and 7T MRI should be considered a promising non-invasive diagnostic tool to identify wall enhancement in patients with a suspicion of cerebral vasculitis.

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