Fat-suppressed T1-weighted gradient-echo imaging is commonly used for abdominal MR examination. However, image quality can be compromised by inhomogeneous fat suppression and imperfect breath-holding. To overcome both limitations, we describe a novel technique for free-breathing fat/water separation (Dixon-RAVE).
Motion-robust acquisition is achieved by using radial sampling. A model-based reconstruction, which incorporates compressed sensing, parallel imaging, and fat deblurring, is used to obtain fat and water maps. Two extensions are described that enable motion-resolved fat/water separation (XD-Dixon-RAVE) and dynamic contrast-enhanced fat/water separation (DCE-Dixon-RAVE). The technique is demonstrated for various clinical applications, including free-breathing liver and breast exams in volunteers and patients.