Body composition analysis is increasingly important for diagnosis and follow-up in many patient groups and medical conditions. The combined fat and muscle quantification on global and regional level is not commonly reported. In this study a Dixon-MRI based acquisition and body composition analysis was extended to quantify individual muscles. Test-retest reliability was established in a clinically relevant group of 36 postmenopausal women. This method enables advanced phenotyping combined with measurements of specific muscles to target clinical questions.