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Abstract #1763

Accelerated Diffusion-weighted 129Xe MRI Morphometry of Emphysema in COPD and Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Patients

Alexei Ouriadov1, Eric Lessard1, Fumin Guo1, Heather M Young1, Anurag Bhalla1, David G McCormack2, and Grace Parraga1

1Robarts Research Institute, London, ON, Canada, 2Division of Respirology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada

In this proof-of-concept evaluation, we evaluated 129Xe MRI ADC/morphometry estimates using two different acceleration factors (AF) in a small group of never-smokers, COPD ex-smokers with emphysema and Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency patients. Such estimates were obtained for three different cases: fully sampled k-space; 50% under-sampling in the phase-encoding direction, AF=2; and 66% undersampling, AF=3. The results of this study showed that the difference in ADC/morphometry estimates from fully sampled and under-sampled k-space were similar to that observed with accelerated 3He multi-b diffusion-weighted MRI in healthy subjects. These differences increase however, with increasing emphysema severity, which requires further investigation.

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