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Abstract #1885

Arterial spin labelling measurements of cortical perfusion in multiple sclerosis show widespread reduced cortical metabolism

Ruth Oliver1, Heidi Beadnall1, Chenyu Wang1, Matthew Kiernan1, Todd Hardy1,2, and Michael Barnett1

1Brain and Mind Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, 2Neuroimmunology Clinic, Concord Hospital

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is primarily an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. However, there is also growing evidence that cortical dysfunction may also be associated with disability in MS. Few studies have investigated cortical cerebral perfusion in MS, and even fewer have utilised arterial spin labelling (ASL) MRI, which offers noninvasive quantitative assessment of cerebral function using endogenous contrast. ASL is an inherently low resolution imaging modality known to be affected by the partial volume (PV) effect, leading to an underestimation of grey matter (GM) perfusion. Decreases in GM perfusion could reflect neuronal loss or metabolic dysfunction; PV correction techniques allow decoupling of structure and function. It is hypothesized that reduced regional GM perfusion after PV correction reflects a genuine decreased tissue metabolism, rather than atrophy.

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